# 3D Rotation Program Using C Programming

## 🎯 Introduction

In computer graphics, 3D transformations play a crucial role in manipulating objects in a three-dimensional space. One of the fundamental transformations is rotation, which enables us to rotate an object around a specific point. This blog post provides a C programming implementation of a 3D rotation program using graphics.h library. We'll walk through the concept of 3D rotation, explain the code in detail, and present a more modernized and explanatory version of the program.

## 🎯 Concept of 3D Rotation

3D rotation is a geometric transformation that rotates an object in three-dimensional space around a specified axis or point. The rotation angle determines the amount and direction of rotation. To perform a 3D rotation, we utilize trigonometric functions to calculate the new coordinates of the object's vertices after the rotation.

## 🎯 3D Rotation Example Program

#include <stdio.h>

#include <conio.h>

#include <math.h>

#include <graphics.h>

int x1, x2, y1, y2, mx, my, depth;

void draw();

void rotate();

void main()

{

int gd = DETECT, gm, c;

initgraph(&gd, &gm, "d:\\tc\\bgi");

printf("\n3D Transformation Rotating\n\n");

printf("Enter 1st top value(x1, y1):");

scanf("%d%d", &x1, &y1);

printf("Enter right bottom value(x2, y2):");

scanf("%d%d", &x2, &y2);

depth = (x2 - x1) / 4;

mx = (x1 + x2) / 2;

my = (y1 + y2) / 2;

draw();

getch();

cleardevice();

rotate();

getch();

}

void draw()

{

bar3d(x1, y1, x2, y2, depth, 1);

}

void rotate()

{

float t;

int a1, b1, a2, b2, dep;

printf("Enter the angle to rotate=");

scanf("%f", &t);

t = t * (3.14 / 180);

a1 = mx + (x1 - mx) * cos(t) - (y1 - my) * sin(t);

a2 = mx + (x2 - mx) * cos(t) - (y2 - my) * sin(t);

b1 = my + (x1 - mx) * sin(t) + (y1 - my) * cos(t);

b2 = my + (x2 - mx) * sin(t) + (y2 - my) * cos(t);

if (a2 > a1)

dep = (a2 - a1) / 4;

else

dep = (a1 - a2) / 4;

bar3d(a1, b1, a2, b2, dep, 1);

setcolor(5);

}

## 🎯 Summary

In this blog post, we've explored a C programming implementation of a 3D rotation program using graphics.h library. We discussed the concept of 3D rotation and how to calculate the new coordinates after rotation. The program allows users to input the initial position of the 3D bar and the rotation angle. It then rotates and displays the transformed 3D bar on the screen. By understanding the concepts and code explained above, you can further explore and implement other 3D transformations and graphics applications using C programming.